As with other browsers, Chrome has keyboard shortcuts that allow you to easily get to variable places in the browser or to access additional functionality. In most cases, the keyboard shortcuts are more time efficient than relying on the mouse and interface. Here are the ones that I found to be most beneficial.
Shift+Escape – brings up the Chrome Task Manager
Ctrl+Shift+T – Chrome reopens the last tab that was closed
Alt+Home – opens your homepage
Ctrl+T – open a new tab
Ctrl+click a link – opens link in new tab
Shift+click a link – opens link in new window
Ctrl+N – opens new window
Ctrl+B – toggles the Bookmarks bar
Ctrl+H – opens the History page
Ctrl+J – opens the Download page
Ctrl+U – view source of the current page
You can find a comprehensive listing of all of Chrome’s keyboard shortcuts at the Google Chrome Help Center.