Remove ^M characters at end of lines in vi

Posted October 4, 2003 by Quinn McHenry in UNIX

UNIX treats the end of line differently than other operating systems. Sometimes when editing files in both Windows and UNIX environments, a CTRL-M character is visibly displayed at the end of each line as ^M in vi.

To remove the ^M characters at the end of all lines in vi, use:


The ^v is a CONTROL-V character and ^m is a CONTROL-M. When you type this, it will look like this:


In UNIX, you can escape a control character by preceeding it with a CONTROL-V. The :%s is a basic search and replace command in vi. It tells vi to replace the regular expression between the first and second slashes (^M) with the text between the second and third slashes (nothing in this case). The g at the end directs vi to search and replace globally (all occurrences).


About Quinn McHenry

Quinn was one of the original co-founders of Tech-Recipes. He is currently crafting iOS applications as a senior developer at Small Planet Digital in Brooklyn, New York.
View more articles by Quinn McHenry

The Conversation

Follow the reactions below and share your own thoughts.

  • Phobian

    You could try using sed, the stream editor – it works on similar principles to vi’s replace tool, but you can pipe into and out of it.

    So, to change one file:
    cat fileName | sed s///g >tmp && mv tmp fileName

    Do NOT try to read from and write to the same file in one pipe, or you’ll blank the file

    To change all files in a directory with the .sql ending, run the following script whilst inside that directory:
    for fileName in $(ls *.sql); do
    cat $fileName | sed s/^M//g >tmp && mv tmp $fileName

    (bear in mind to enter ^M you need to enter as above.

    Hope that helps people

  • Maxlen

    type the following command in vi


    • rohit

      > Awesome it works :)

    • Arbab

      This worked for me

    • kan

      Thanks Man… It worked…. Your knowledge helped me…..>

    • Mohamed

      > this one works thanks

    • Mike

      > Keep in mind, if you happen to have edited the file and put some normal newlines in and then use this, you will loose a character off the end of every line. Which is why the :%s/^V^M// is a better way to go.

      • yspatro

        It worked !! thx much

      • Sachin

        > +1. It removes the last character of every line, irrespective of if its the ^M or anything else.

  • Yo Whirrd up

    Try perl -pi -e’tr/15//d’

    • SOM

      Great dude .. this works

  • pradeep

    yes the “:%s/^ v ^M//g” is working… thank you very much…

  • soma

    this solution is not working for ubuntu..:(

    • rseal


    • rseal

      Use CTRL-q CTRL-m

      • varsha

        > the solution is not working on AIX box.

  • Reetesh

    Thanks it is working fine

  • thanks

    thank you for the nice tips. I have plenty of ctrl+M symbols in the dump txt files from dol.

  • Neo

    great info.. thanks

  • 3pe

    another way to get rid of those ^M’s
    btw other systems then *nix are treating newlines differently 😛

  • Ashish


  • a

    this works ! thanks.

  • xx

    use $ to replace only at the end

  • roy
  • sam


  • S

    thanks it works well

  • Ciprian

    Lovely! I completely forgot about dos2unix and sincerely I like to use vim better if I can :)

  • Vishal

    I am trying ti get the diff of a file into a temp.txt file.
    When I do :%s/^M//g in my file, it says “Pattern not Found: ^M”.
    But when I see the temp.txt file for the diff it shows ^M on all the lines.
    Help me out for this, I dont want ^M in temp.txt file

  • Anonymous

    Thank you very much…for me saved lot of time.

  • SnowLeopard

    Thanks! 😀

  • awais

    grt man. it worked for me. keep up the good work.


  • Dmitriy Golub

    Nice, thank you!

  • Anonymous

    Thank you, original post did not work for me, but this did.

  • mhannesy

    Just curious, :%s/r//g works but :%s/rn/n/g does not, why is that?

    • mhannesy

      Ok, I found out why I ended up with the NUL control characters instead. From :help insert:

      “If you enter a value of 10, it will end up in the file as a 0. The 10 is a
      , which is used internally to represent the character. When writing
      the buffer to a file, the character is translated into . The
      character is written at the end of each line. Thus if you want to insert a
      character in a file you will have to make a line break.”

  • Brett

    You Sir are a genius. I award you five internets!

  • Hedi

    You could try :
    echo file | sed ‘s/r//g’

  • Name

    I am brand new to Vim. I am trying to remove ^M and replace it with a tab (actually replace it with spaces). I can’t seem to get this to work. I’ve done the following things and it isn’t working. Any advice?

    :set expandtab

    All it is doing is putting “” with the “^M” used to be. Any way to actually make the spaces appear? Thanks for your help.

    • Name

      Nevermind! I figured it out. I simply had to push “control + the tab key” and that resulted in what I needed. Thanks.

  • Anonymous

    Thanks for the info.. I need to move the lines to the top after the ctrlM charecter. Is this possible ??

  • Anonymous

    Hi ,

    I did worked for me as well . Thanks guys for your help .


  • Anonymous

    too good. this worked for me!

  • Anonymous


    Thanks for the solution. It worked.

    I also noticed other characters like and when using vi. I assume these are also converted because of Windows.

    How can I revert these back?


  • p1

    Can anyone please help in removing character displayed in vi ?

  • Anonymous


    In my case, when I transfer my file from windows to unix, this control+m (^m) character gets added. I there any utility where I can do some changes in file at windows end so that ^M doesn’t get added to it when I transfer it to Unix?

    Jatin Kapoor

  • MiDSuMMeR

    Type the following command:


    It works fine!

  • Bugged123

    This worked..Thank you ..Original did not ..

    • Lopezscu

      same for me, the post author is a retard…

      • lota

        More likely you don’t know how to use vi.

      • Tallis

        only tools cant use tools properly

    • Malice

      The original post is fine, you just have to be able to read.

  • Lopezscu

    correct answer is

    where {Ctrl+V }{Ctrl+M} stands for, you must press Ctrl+V and then Ctrl+M

    • Piyush

      It worked .. thx
      I also replaced ‘^@’ with the same technique.

    • Louispendis5

      you’re the man!

  • Leena


    Remove the last line from a txt file.

    I have txt file with data like
    1235 5678
    3455 5678

    and after 2nd line I pressed the enter. I tried to remove that enter in using many unix commands. but in unix I think it doesnt consider it as new line as when I check wc -l it gives me 2 but when I send this file to my C function it is considered as 3rd line.
    Please telme the work around to remove the last line.


    • Nitin

      I know that ^M comes when we transfer a file from windows machine to a Unix machine from Telnet.

      At first place what is the harm in having ^M characters? Is it going to cause any kind of issues by letting them just around? Just curious to know.

  • Yashaswikumar

    Thank u so very much.. This really worked :) Saved my day :)

  • Suchi

    Thanks! The string re[place hadnt been working, but col -b worked for me :)

  • Ramakrishna Aazad

    vi file name

    :%s[ctrl v][ctrl[m]//g worked for me to remove the cntrl m characters from the file. Thanks a lot :)

  • Grit

    u meatheads who posted dos2unix etc….the heading is “Remove ^M characters at end of lines in vi” not oustide of…….dummies

  • Team_Awesome

    nothing else people posted on here worked. Thank you tons!!!

  • Vaibhav

    perfect solution

  • Bob

    only a dummy does not know you can invoke any command, dos2unix etc…from within vi …idiot

  • Vinoo Usa

    Thank you so mcuh lopezzzzzzzzzz……….. you are my man… :)

  • S_zarembo

    the original post works just fine; you just need to read it carefully.

  • Guest

    col -bx worked for me…

  • PR

    This helps

  • BMQ

    I found dos2unix run against mysql slow log caused log to stop accruing entries. This forced me to restart mysql to restore slow log entries.

  • Petalmelissa

    Your attitude is unnecessary and not conducive to the sharing environment being attempted to be created here.. 

  • eskay

    It didn’t worked. I got an error as Pattern Not Found: ^M

    All I did is,
    vi filename –> esc –> :%s/^v^m//g –> enter

    • ataraxic

      the same for me –> Pattern Not Found: ^M
      What is the problem here???

  • nit

    Thanks Lopezscu ,sed version of ur examplecat foo | sed ‘s/^M//g’the “cat foo | col -b > foo2” version in below posts is not working for me

  • Cesar

    To everyone having the “Pattern not found” message:


    ^V is: “press control, press V, release V, release control.”
    The same with ^M: “press control, press M, release M, release control.”

    Sure it will work as sure as you are using vi/vim.

  • george

    Thanks very much.

  • jason


    For those where :%s/^M//g was not working for them, I have a workaround for you.

    I was finding it wasn’t doing the replace, however when I compiled the file I was working on, it was complaining about the ^M which was really annoying.

    I can confirm that the following though will work.

    cat fileName | sed s/^M//g >tmp

    Just move the tmp file back to fileName and you have a file minus the ^M.

  • Narsimulu

    To everyone having the “Pattern not found” message:

    Please type control character twice and then type V and M.

    “press control, press control, press V, press control,press control, press M”


  • Tamil

    Yes, It works fine, I also had the “Pattern Not Found” issue. Please press the following keys to have this function.

    1. Type %s
    2. press (ctrl + v) = it will give the (^) symbol
    3. Press (ctrl + m) = it will give the ^M in blue color.

    then add rest of the symbols. It will work.

  • mooselix

    Uh, all you need is this. No control-characters, etc.


  • raj malhotra

    Thanks Lopezscu
    yours worked and it saved time greatly :)

  • #dhk

    Its works

  • Manu

    Hi Everyone,

    I am new to vi. I tried removing the ^M character from the file using

    sed s/\r//g

    but it didn’t work for me. I tried using (ctrl+M) instead of \r but that is also not working. whenever I press Ctrl+M it is taking me to the next line.

    I have written down my code like below:

    while read line
    echo “$line” | sed s/[^0-9]//g >> temp

  • rufwork

    For Vishal and others who experience “I am trying t0 get the diff of a file into a temp.txt file. When I do :%s/^M//g in my file, it says “Pattern not Found: ^M”.”…

    You’re obviously, well, not on UNIX. The short answer is that you want to use Ctrl-Q in place of Ctrl-V in this recipe if you’re getting the error.

    The long answer is here:


  • Niv

    Thank you. It was very helpful

  • divya

    :%s/^M//g –Dint work :(

  • Chai

    Thanks Quinn. You just save my life.

  • Dinesh Kumar Selvam

    Just Try this

    #strings >

    ^M will vanish….

  • tiebob

    Mm…. I opened file with “nano”, and save it again. The ^M character disappear….

  • Piyush

    Thanks Dinesh Kumar Selvam strings > works nice 😉

  • Nicolas Joyard

    Thanks for this article, but the last paragraph is a bit wrong.

    The “%” at the beginning of the command tells vi to do the substitution on every line; the “g” at the end tells it to substitute every occurence, on each affected line ; without it vi replaces only the first occurence on each line. “g” is actually not necessary here as you should only have one ^M per line.

  • anjana

    tr -d ‘\r’ $targetDir

  • Narendra Kumar Achari

    Use :e ++ff=dos for vim to remove ^M charecters

    First, use :set ff? to figure out the file format your file is.

  • Shailesh Bohra

    I have a data in file temp_source1.dat containing MT-0040GB14 in the starting. But when is use sed s/^M//g temp_source1.dat > temp_source_data.dat, MT-0040GB14 is gets populated in the file temp_source_data.dat.
    Is there any solution?

    • Shailesh Bohra

      > Finally after investigating, i found that to remove control characters, we should use sed s/ctrl+v+m//g which will appear as sed s/^M//g, where ^M is a single character rather than ‘^’ and ‘M’ as inividual characters.