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Java: Button Press – Action Event

How to use the ActionEvent for buttons, list selections, etc., is explained in this tutorial.


The ActionEvent is a class called when an action is performed on items in your GUI. As a simple example, we will handle the event on a button press. The code will only output text, but you can add any code you want.

CODE:

import java.io.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.applet.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
public class AE extends JFrame{
static final int WIDTH = 500;
static final int HEIGHT = 100;

JButton b;
B button;

public class display extends JPanel{
public display(){
Container container;
GridBagLayout layout = new GridBagLayout();
GridBagConstraints layoutConstraints = new GridBagConstraints();
getContentPane().setLayout(layout);
container = getContentPane();

b = new JButton("Press!");
layoutConstraints.gridx = 0; layoutConstraints.gridy = 0;
layoutConstraints.gridwidth = 1; layoutConstraints.gridheight = 1;
layoutConstraints.fill = GridBagConstraints.BOTH;
layoutConstraints.insets = new Insets(1,1,1,1);
layoutConstraints.anchor = GridBagConstraints.CENTER;
layoutConstraints.weightx = 1.0; layoutConstraints.weighty = 1.0;
layout.setConstraints(b, layoutConstraints);
container.add(b);
}
}

public AE(){
JFrame j = new JFrame();
j.getContentPane().add(new display());
button = new B();
b.addActionListener(button);

}

private class B implements ActionListener{
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e){
System.out.println("Button Pressed");
}
}

public static void main(String args[]){
AE a = new AE();
a.setSize(WIDTH,HEIGHT);
a.setVisible(true);
}
}

To reduce the creation of multiple instances of the press method, we create a class for it and assign it to button. Thus, this assignment is done once, and then the single copy is called each time the button is pressed.

We assign the action code with b.addActionListener(button);.

The class may have any name you like, but the method name public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) is non-negotiable.
All code within this method will be run when this particular action occurs. There are many action events for each GUI object, such as document listeners for TextAreas, etc.
Check the java documentation for a full list. I will post examples of a few more common ones as well.

Questions/Comments: [email protected]
-William. § (marvin_gohan)

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