Add a user from the command line in Solaris

This shows how to use useradd in Solaris to add a user.

You must be root (superuser) to add a user. An easy way to remember the syntax of the useradd command in Solaris is to run it with no options. Follow the resulting usage information including the parts that you require. Important options are:

-d home-directory-path
This is the new user’s home directory, typically /export/home/username

-m
make home directory and copy the default skeleton files (these files are located in /etc/skel directory).

-u uid
The uid (userid) is a number from 0 to 65535 which identifies the user on the system. uid 0 is reserved for root. If you don’t specify one, the next available uid will be used automatically.

-c “User Name”
Comment field which usually contains the name of the user. Make sure you enclose the name in quotes if it contains a space.

-s /path/to/shell
The shell to use. If you don’t specify this, it will default to /bin/sh. Make sure you specify the fully qualified path.

So, putting it together, a typical addition of a user named fred would be:

useradd -d /export/home/fred -m -s /bin/ksh -c "Fred Smith" fred

It’s a smart idea to run pwck (passwd check) whenever you make a change to the /etc/passwd file (as when adding or changing a user). This program will identify any problems with the passwd file. If it doesn’t tell you anything, then you are in good shape.

 

About Quinn McHenry

Quinn was one of the original co-founders of Tech-Recipes. He is currently crafting iOS applications as a senior developer at Small Planet Digital in Brooklyn, New York.
View more articles by Quinn McHenry

The Conversation

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  • question

    but what’s fred’s password when you want to log on with fred??

    • fred

      still, as root, run ‘passwd fred’ to set fred’s password.

      • Anonymous

        # passwd -r files fred

        for completness since it specifies that you are changing the local passwd file and not nis/ldap.

      • Orion

        then ‘passwd -f fred’ to force him to change password on next login

        • Henrydenial

          # passwd -f username

          this wil change the passwd ……then u can set a new password for user ….for these thing u should be a root user

          regards
          henry
          solaris system admin
          pune

  • Anonymous

    thanks very much i reset my password

  • Naveedmirk

    how to add new home directory fred

  • Henrydenial

    how to create passwd setting for a group ?

  • mrsun

    u r awsome fred .. thanks a ton .. u have explained it in a beautiful manner .. god bless u

    • anon

      > ahh

  • saran

    how to create more than five user in a single command without using script in solaris

  • Chris H

    Just created some users on my test box, I noticed all my users have been givien a gid value of 1. Does gid mean group id? If so how can I create a new user with a different gid, so that I can alter permission strings to restrict access etc etc.

  • karthika

    how to install more than one packages in single command line in solaris 10 os,
    how to add more than one user accounts in single command line in solaris 10 os,
    how to install packages in non global zone.
    please give answer fo r this question